Shortened Prayer (Qasar)
Who is entitled to Qasr?
The traveller may pray two rak’ahs from when he leaves his city or town, until he returns to it. Jam’ consist of two:
• Jam’ Taqdim
Combine Dhuhr & ‘Asr prayer on Dhuhr timeframe / Combine Maghrib & ‘Isha’ prayer on Maghrib timeframe
• Jam’ Ta’khir
Combine Dhuhr & ‘Asr prayer on ‘Asr timeframe / Combine Maghrib & ‘Isha’ prayer on ‘Isha’ timeframe
Condition for Jam' Taqdim
Start with the first prayer (Dhuhr before ‘Asr / Maghrib before ‘Isha’)
Make niyyah in the first prayer
The prayer services should be performed continuously allowing for no break between them
Remain musafir throughout the prayer
Condition for Jam' Ta'khir
- Have an intention during Dhuhr (or Maghrib) period that the salat will be performed during ‘Asr (or ‘Isha’) time frame.
- Remain musafir throughout the prayer